Treatment-Free Beekeeping by Clive & Shân Hudson 2020 as published in BBKA News No. 227 July 2020. Includes a concluding remark by Professor Thomas Seeley.

An earlier version of this article was published in Welsh Beekeeper 206, Winter 2019.

Distribution map of treatment-free honey bee colonies in North-West Wales, March 2019. map image © AA Media Ltd 2009 All Rights reserved.